Warrier's Collage March 30, 2022

Welcome To Warrier's COLLAGE On Wednesday, March 30, 2022 Dr C Rangarajan on 2022 Budget Expectations https://youtu.be/QS3ahs1wHv8 ( So far, in 2 months, only 125 views and 7 likes for this) Good Morning Nice Day M G Warrier A Select Responses 1) Heartiest congratulations on the occasion of your book release. Dr Prabha & A P Ramadurai Cheñnai 2) Congrats n best wishes for ur book release. Valsa Mathew Thiruvananthapuram 3) Best Wishes to you dear Warrier for a resounding success to the function for formally releasing your book on 2nd April. C A Jacob Bangalore B Current Affairs 1) RBI Opportunities : Recruitment of Officers https://opportunities.rbi.org.in/scripts/bs_viewcontent.aspx?Id=4106 Please share the link with interested contacts 2) Media Response March 29, 2022 Monetary Policy Dilemma This refers to the article "Central banks have to do a tight rope walk" (The Hindu Business Line, March 29). As brought out in the article, the current situation gives sufficient reasons for a deviation from the relatively stagnant stand on base rates with focus on liquidity, forced by years long pandemic. The only silver lining for RBI is that the central government is willing to continue with a supportive fiscal policy. At least since the time the present governor took over, we don't overhear preemptive suggestions to Mint Road from Delhi. Ongoing consultations do not draw attention from the media. Of course, the efficient functioning of the Monetary Policy Committee deserves praise for this development. Perhaps, the days when RBI could follow Federal Reserve or other central banks in developed countries in regard to monetary policy measures are over. As RBI's role is much larger, aligning the needs of its own assigned function of inflation management and several traditional functions which have stayed with RBI and may remain with it for decades, is becoming tougher and tougher. But, there's transparency in the central bank's thinking these days as revealed by public statements by RBI executives these days. So long as things remain under control, no one notices the efforts that goes into the formulation and implementation of monetary and fiscal policies. The expectation that 2022 will give some relief has been belied by the Putin adventure. M G Warrier Thiruvananthapuram C My letter dated April 2, 2019 addressed to Prime Minister Narendra ModiJi M G Warrier 2005/1D, DREAMS LBS Marg, Bhandup (West) Mumbai-400078 (Mobile:+918291709479 Email: mgwarrier@gmail.com) To Shri Narendra ModiJi Prime Minister April 2, 2019 Respected Prime Minister Congratulations for all that you have achieved for India and the people of India. Special word of gratitude for your government's support to RBI in finding a breakthrough for a pension revision issue which was being dodged from pillar to post by previous governments in Delhi since 2005. As a beneficiary, I am enclosing a cheque for Rs10,000/- as my token contribution to PM's Relief Fund. I am also enclosing a copy of my 2018 book “India's Decade of Reforms” for your perusal and blessings. 2 While on the subject, may I draw your attention to the following areas which will need prioritization by your next government in Delhi: a) Gold Management: Domestic gold stock with individuals and institutions (including religious bodies) need to be accounted and mainstreamed for nation's benefit. b) Indian Pension System: Needs a review and overhaul. I have requested RBI to study the issue internally for the benefit of all institutions. c) Agricultural Income Tax: A consensus has to be reached to tax agricultural income above a reasonable high level. d) RBI's Pension Liability: As this is fully funded by employees’ and employer's contribution, RBI should be allowed to meet the committed liabilities of periodical revision of pension and family pension. The benefits of a few hundred Ex-Gratia beneficiaries (in their 90's) who are not eligible for pension should be graciously enhanced. I am enclosing brief notes on (a) and (b) and a note on the injustice meted out to RBI pensioners. Best Wishes and Greetings on the eve of 2019 Elections Yours Sincerely M G Warrier *Chapter 1 of my book "Restoring Trust in Governance" titled "Agenda for Modi 2.0 was based on the theme of this letter 🙏-Warrier D Message shared by B Chandrasekaran _We have heard of many fatal accidents occurring since the driver dozed while behind the wheels_. The trainer told in the class that it is not so in most of those mishaps. Reasearch has revealed that most of such drivers were not sleeping. Nowadays the cars are generally air-conditioned. When we drive wih A/C on especially when the car is full, carbon dioxide fills the cabin say in 3 to 4 hours and oxygen is depleted. The driver doesn't get enough oxygen and his brain becomes dull. He suffers a sort of fatigue which adversely affects his reflexes. He obviously loses control, fails to apply breaks or do what is necessary and collides. Many times we mistake it as sleep syndrome. Solution: Ideally, we *must* halt the vehicle every three or maximum four hours, open all doors and stay in open air at least for 2 or 3 minutes and continue our drive. This would be a very defensive step in driving. Happy driving to all E https://twitter.com/CharanSingh60/status/1508559213332930562?s=20&t=jyIfoIpIrwpzgzYhzybw9A Unity in Diversity - 205 दसम दुआरा अगम अपारा परम पुरख की घाटी ऊपरि हाटु हाट परि आला आले भीतरि थाती Where does infinite, Supreme Lord appear? Brain/mind in the head: The Tenth Door (of the human body) Beni, Rag Ramkali, 974, SGGS F Leisure Lawyer Joke Times In a B L Class : ​Professor ​: "If you have to give an orange to me, what will you say?" ​Student ​: "Take this orange." ​Prof ​: "No. Say it like a lawyer would." ​Student ​: "I, Ramakrishna, son of Satyamurthy resident of Bangalore, Karnataka do hereby solemnly affirm & voluntarily & consciously declare out of my volition & without any fear or favour or pressure or undue influence, that I'm giving this fruit called 'orange' on which I have absolute right, title and interest, along with its peel, juice, seed and pulp. I am also giving you absolute and unqualified right and interest to cut, peel, store in freeze or eat it. You will also have the right to give this along with its peel, juice, seed or pulp to any one whosoever. I further declare that I will be solely responsible and liable for any dispute till today pertaining to this orange. And after this conveyance today, my relationship with this orange will cease to exist." ​Prof​ : "My Lordship, show your feet....!!" *Received from S Venugopal via Group mail 2) Follow Amitabh : Lessons from ABC... You can never find a person like Amitabh Bachchan First he'll ask you to win cash thru Kaun Banega Crorepati. Then, He'll ask you to spend the money by purchasing jewelry from Kalyan jewelers. Then, He'll ask you to mortgage that jewelry in Muthoot Finance. Then, when you are not able to pay the principal and interest and when you are in tension he'll ask you to apply Navrathna oil on your head and cool yourself..... 3) Court Room Jokes https://www.medleague.com/knowledge-base/courtroom-humor/ G Included on request from a reader who had problem with the length of the original version. This is a shorter version. Can be made still shorter by changing the font. Or by removing last few paragraphs. Article will still make sense. Better sense than this introduction : Collage Essay : Brevity By Vathsala Jayaraman “Brevity is the essence of communication or correspondence” it is said, and the example cited is “Quit India” Of the Father of The Nation. He used to say often, that If one's aim is to reach the lowest of the low, his or her communication to them should be naturally in simplest words or phrases as the layman is not interested in joining your party as he has not understood your communication. He further added that the communication should be lucid and straight and avoid circumscribed sentences. While father insisted on simple concise writing with clarity, English lecturer Mrs.Sarada used to saythat we can learn all extensive areas of a language only on improving our vocabulary and especially while writing critical character appreciation we were advised to use luxury in exuberance and just for getting the highest mark we used to quote extensively from other texts, even from Tamil and Sanskrit. When I got first prize in an essay competition, Appa read it and said 'Not So great as to deserve the prize. It should have been simpler in expression." The one-vertical-line and two of Sanskrit predates the scheme of punctuation of the languages of Europe. However, whenever history is written and revealed, it is always eurocentric; here is another example: The oriental languages (Chinese, classic-Korean, Japanese ) did not delineate words with spaces until recently. Formal writings in Chinese (like official invitations to functions and such) still use the same scheme of uniform spaces between LETTERS, and for the novice it is very hard to decipher where one WORD ends a n d a n o t h e r b e g i n s.:frown: Even in Indus Valley hieroglyphics there is no punctuation which is considered the earliest civilisation . God loves curves and contours otherwise he would not have designed us. Appa used to say, "Short enough to attract attention and long enough to cover the subject". Punctuation in English has a rich and surprising history from the full stop to the semicolon and even quotation marks. The earliest prominent use of any punctuation was in the 3rd century BC. Aristophanes had offered a solution to the completely run-on writing style of the Greeks, which featured spaces between letters, words, clauses, or sentences. Aristophanes proposed that writers use three types of dots to allocate the appropriate pause between formal parts of speech. Alas, the Aristophanean method was eventually scrapped when the Roman empire gained precedence over the Greeks from their politics to their writing. The Romans, namely Cicero, believed the speaker should exert discretion over his or her rhythm of speech and not be bound by dots or punctuation. In the 7th century, Isidore of Seville resurrected the dots originally proposed by Aristophanes. His most famous work, ‘The Etymologies’ (or Etymologiae in Latin), covered a diverse range of topics including geometry, music, cities, animals, and, of course, grammar. It was in this writing that he presented an updated version of the Aristophanean system. He went beyond the simple method of dots denoting pauses and attached more significant meaning to each dot: the highest dot marked the end of a sentence while the lowest dot functioned much like a comma does today. Just like learners of new languages, users of punctuation have since elaborated on the dot system Aristophanes first invented in order to produce even more usefuland distinguishing meanings today. According to Keith Houston, music was a major influence for punctuation because musical notation used symbols like the breve and caesura to indicate notes and rests— a necessary component of written language to determine pauses. One example, which comes from Gregorian chants, is the punctus elevatas which serves as our modern-day colon. With each symbol offering more precise meaning than the last, the originally proposed by Aristophanes eventually faded into history as their usage diminshed. However, the use of a single dot held its ground and retained a meaning of pause (albeit for an unspecified amount of time). (Interestingly, modern spoken transcriptions in linguistics are often annotated with a period to indicate pauses shorter than a second.) As Isidore of Seville released his nuances, an Italian by the name of Boncampagno da Sigla proposed a similar punctuation system but chose the slash (/) to indicate a pause. The question mark (?) made its way into standard usage in the 15th century and was known has the punctus interrogatives (‘point of interrogation’ in Latin). There are some theories on how the shape of the question mark came about; Oxford Dictionaries offers the theory that it began as a dot with a rising tilde (. ~) to denote the upward inflection. Just like many of our letters and words, this theory states that the symbol transformed into the shape it is today due to the vast amount of users approximating its shape in writing. Another theory from Oxford Dictionaries states that the lowercase “q” and “o” from the Latin qvaestio (‘question’) were combined and eventually transformed into the swirl and dot that we know of today. Both the colon (:) and semicolon (;) were featured in Gregorian chants with the former as the punctus elevatas (‘elevated point’ in Latin) and the latter as the punctus versus (Latin for a “long pause”). The first usage of the colon dates back to the 1600s to denote a pause time greater than a comma, but less than a full stop. The semicolon has a much earlier history with its first written use in 1494. Its purpose was to allow the writer to produce new ideas and topics between phrases without producing a new sentence. Originally, the colon was simply an upside down semicolon but the single open inverted comma-like top eroded down to a single point. One theory for the exclamation mark (!) posits that the symbol comes from the Latin word for an exclamation of joy, io. The letter “i” was eventually moved above the “o,” the dot and line of “i” connected, and the “o” shrunk to the size of a period today. It was first used in English in the 15th century but, interestingly, only had its own dedicated key on a typewriter from the 1970s. The apostrophe (’), widely used starting in the 16th century, came into use in English for purposes of elision (or contractions such as I’m for I am) and to fill in where a grapheme or letter no longer reflected the actual pronunciation (e.g. loved became lov’d). The apostrophe was first used this way by Geoffrey Tory in French in 1529. It was used at the junction of two vowel sounds (e.g. la heure became l’heure). Taking this feature from the French language, English speakers used this feature so they could contract words and leave out unpronounced letters without losing any meaning. It could be surmised that the printing press, an industry that charged per letter, encouraged writers to use the apostrophe to save money. A standardised way of using the apostrophe wasn’t finalised until the mid-1800s, and which is still in use today. The slash (/) introduced by Boncampagno di Sigla was minimised over the years and eventually settled low on the text line as our modern day comma (,). Brackets; including parentheses, square brackets, pointy brackets, corner brackets, and angle brackets; made their first entry into English in the 14th century in the form of chevrons (< >). And, finally, the single dot originally proposed by Aristophanes has become the full stop (.), or period. It also holds the title of the most common punctuation mark in English as it is used to denote the end of a sentence. The invention of the printing press in the 1440s helped to solidify and determine the importance of punctuation through the large-scale production of texts read by many people. With a handful of symbols in use, printing offered a standardised system that was all but set in stone. So much so that the average Joe from the late 1400s could probably understand the punctuation symbols on our QWERTY keyboard with relative ease (save for connecting it to your computer via Bluetooth). It took a long time for punctuation in English to take on any changes because new punctuation needs had yet to be discovered or required and mass printing allowed us to be socialised into the written norms of English. However, with new speech patterns and cultural changes (like the computer-age), the invention of new punctuation is not entirely out of the realm of possibility. More recently, online writers have used a variety of symbols typically associated with computer coding to convey meaning. For example, if a writer wants to add emphasis but is unable to change the style (such as bold, underline or italics), they may choose to use tildes around a word in order to create emphasis. When used in a computer programme, the use of symbols can change the style of text, once the text is sent (for example, surrounding a word in underscores, italicised text in the popular messaging app, WhatsApp). Vathsala Jayaraman

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