Warrier's Collage September 28,. 2021

Welcome to Warrier's COLLAGE On Tuesday September 28, 2021 World Tourism Day, September 27, 2021 https://youtu.be/AkC90RMaQYs (Welcome to Kerala) Kutchipudi Dance https://youtu.be/ko5sKNuSLbs (Viewed by thousands) Good Morning Nice Day M G Warrier Thought of the Day : V T Panchapagesan BUTTERFLY🦋 A man found a Cocoon of a butterfly. One day a small opening appeared. He sat and watched the butterfly for several hours as it Struggled to force the body through that little hole.. The man decided to help the butterfly. He took a pair of scissors and snipped off the remaining bit of the cocoon. The butterfly then emerged easily. But it had a swollen body and small, shriveled wings.. The man continued to watch the butterfly because he expected that, at any moment , the wings would enlarge and expand to be able to support the body, which would contract in time..Neither happened! In fact, the butterfly spent the rest of its life crawling around with a swollen body and shriveled wings. It never was able to fly.. The restricting cocoon and the struggle required for the butterfly to get through the tiny opening were God's way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings so that it would be ready for flight once it achieved its freedom from the cocoon... What do we learn from this? Struggles are exactly what we need in our lives. If God allowed us to go through our lives without any obstacles, it would cripple us.. We would not be as STRONG AS WHAT WE COULD HAVE BEEN... WE COULD NEVER FLY.......... V T Panchapagesan A Messages 1) Dr Charan Singh charan singh (@CharanSingh60) Tweeted: Unity in Diversity - 22 God blesses, gives to Universe & loves devotees in all 3 worlds One who merges in Guru's instructions, does not know/care for another 923, SGGS जगि दाता सोए भगत वछलु तिहु लोए जीऊ गुर सबदि समावे अवरु न जानै कोए जीऊ सुंदर, राग रामकली https://twitter.com/CharanSingh60/status/1442197402262261769?s=20 2) R Chandrasekharan This is about Sri A P Ramadurai's post in Warrier's COLLAGE dated September 25, 2021 relating to Sri Subbaraman's response on long words. I found the following information interesting : The longest word in any of the major English language dictionaries is "pneumonoultramicroscopicsilico-volcanoconiosis", a 45 alphabets word that refers to a lung disease contracted from the inhalation of very fine silica particles, specifically from a volcano. It is also used in short form as "silicosis" or "pneumoconiosis" B Collage Profile : Theodore Roosevelt https://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/theodore-roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt unexpectedly became the 26th president of the United States in September 1901 after the assassination of William McKinley. Young and physically robust, he brought a new energy to the White House, and won a second term on his own merits in 1904. Roosevelt, a Republican, confronted the bitter struggle between management and labor head-on and became known as the great “trust buster” for his strenuous efforts to break up industrial combinations under the Sherman Antitrust Act. He was also a dedicated conservationist, setting aside some 200 million acres for national forests, reserves and wildlife refuges during his presidency. In the foreign policy arena, Roosevelt won a Nobel Peace Prize for his negotiations to end the Russo-Japanese War and spearheaded the beginning of construction on the Panama Canal. After leaving the White House and going on safari in Africa, he returned to politics in 1912, mounting a failed run for president at the head of a new Progressive Party. C Learning with Vathsala Jayaraman 1) Aryabhatta Pythagoras Theorem which states that “ in a right angled triangle the sum of the squares of the two sides are equal to the square of the hypotenuse”. Pythagoras of Samos was a Greek mathematician who lived from 560 B.C to480 B.C. You will be happy to learn that the great Indian astronomer Aryabhata has propounded this theory independently. Aryabhata is the first great landmark in the history of Mathematics in India. He wrote “Aryabhatiya“ when he was 23 years and it consists of thirty-three couplets of bare rules so condensed as to be nearly impossible to interpret. Little is known about his life except that he was born in Pataliputra and that his ideas were bitterly opposed by the orthodox. He was the first to espouse the theory that the Earth was spherical and revolved round the Sun. People then believed that the Earth was flat and the Sun was revolving round it. Aryabhata calculated the length of the day to be 23 hours—56 minutes—4.1 seconds. The modern scientists with the help of computers declared the day to have 23 hours—56 minutes and 4.091 seconds. Aryabhata also gave a value of 3.1416 to “Pi" which today is defined to be 3.14159.He does not explain how he found this accurate value. In the“Aryabhatiya" he wrote— "Add four to one hundred, multiply by eight and then add sixty-two thousand. The result is approximately the circumference of a circle of diameter twenty thousand. By this rule the relation of the circumference to diameter is given." In other words, Pi =62832 / 20000 =3.1416, correct to four rounded-off decimal places. For the first time in the history of mathematics Aryabhata defined squares, triangles, rectangles, circles and cubes in mathematical terms. Aryabhata discussed subjects such as quadratic equations, sines and announced the sphericity of the Earth, its diurnal revolution on its axis. He declared as early as sixth century A.D.590-- in anticipation of renaissance science,“The sphere of the stars is stationary and the Earth by its revolution, produces the daily rising and setting of planets and stars.”. A crater on the moon is named after Aryabhata. The Indian Government named its first satellite Aryabhata in his honour. It was launched in 1975. If you want to see an impressive statue of Aryabhata go to IUCCA –in Pune. This Institute is dealing with Astrophysics and its Godfather is Jayant Narlikar. Vathsala Jayaraman 2) Learning from Ant A very interesting story One Sunday morning, a wealthy man sat in his balcony enjoying sunshine and his coffee when a little ant caught his eye which was going from one side to the other side of the balcony carrying a big leaf several times more than its size. The man watched it for more than an hour. He saw that the ant faced many obstacles during its journey, paused, took a diversion and then continued towards destination. (Continued at H2) 3) Yahoo & Google ACCORDING TO A "NEWER" TESTAMENT HERE IS THE ORIGIN OF THE INTERNET. DO ENJOY THE SKILL WITH WHICH WORDS ARE USED. A PURELY LIGHT-HEARTED CREATION. In ancient Israel, it came to pass that a trader by the name of Abraham Com did take unto himself a young wife by the name of Dot. And Dot Com was a comely woman, broad of shoulder and long of leg. Indeed, she was often called Amazon Dot Com. And she said unto Abraham, her husband, "Why dost thou travel so far from town to town with thy goods when thou cant trade without ever leaving thy tent?" And Abraham did look at her as though she were several saddle bags short of a camel load, but simply said, "How, dear?" And Dot replied, "I will place drums in all the towns and drums in between to send messages saying what you have for sale, and they will reply telling you who hath the best price. And the sale can be made on the drums and delivery made by Uriah's Pony Stable (UPS)." Abraham thought long and decided he would let Dot have her way with the drums. And the drums rang out and were an immediate success. Abraham sold all the goods he had at the top price, without ever having to move from his tent. To prevent neighbouring countries from overhearing what the drums were saying, Dot devised a system that only she and the drummers knew. It was known as Must Send Drum Over Sound (MSDOS), and she also developed a language to transmit ideas and pictures - Hebrew To The People (HTTP). And the young men did take to Dot Com's trading as doth the greedy horsefly take to camel dung. They were called Nomadic Ecclesiastical Rich Dominican Sybarites, or NERDS. And lo, the land was so feverish with joy at the new riches and the deafening sound of drums that no one noticed that the real riches were going to that enterprising drum dealer, Brother William of Gates, who bought off every drum maker in the land. And indeed did insist on drums to be made that would work only with Brother Gates' drumheads and drumsticks. And Dot did say, "Oh, Abraham, what we have started is being taken over by others." And Abraham looked out over the Bay of Ezekiel, or eBay as it came to be known. He said, "We need a name that reflects what we are." And Dot replied, "Young Ambitious Hebrew Owner Operators." "YAHOO," said Abraham. And because it was Dot's idea, they named it YAHOO Dot Com. Abraham's cousin, Joshua, being the young Gregarious Energetic Educated Kid (GEEK) that he was, soon started using Dot's drums to locate things around the countryside. It soon became known as God's Own Official Guide to Locating Everything (GOOGLE). That is how it all began. And that's the truth we wish you to believeth in. AMEN!!!! Vathsala Jayaraman D Art Forms of India Kutchipudi Dance https://www.britannica.com/art/kuchipudi Kuchipudi, one of six classical dancestyles of India. Kuchipudi is indigenous to the state of Andhra Pradesh and differs from the other five classical styles by the inclusion of singing. Kuchipudi originated in the 17th century with the creation by Sidhyendra Yogi of the dance-drama Bhama Kalapam, a story of Satyabhāma, the charming but jealous wife of the god Krishna. The dance performance begins with the sprinkling of holy water and the burning of incense. Other rituals are performed, the goddesses of learning, wealth, and energy are invoked, and the characters are introduced, together with songs concerning their function in the performance. All roles were traditionally played by men. As an offering to Krishna, every Brahman, or priest, of the village of Kuchipudi is expected to perform the role of Satyabhāma at least once in his life. E Current Affairs 1) India needs more big banks https://www.business-standard.com/article/finance/india-needs-4-5-more-sbi-sized-banks-says-fm-nirmala-sitharaman-121092600374_1.html Speaking at 74th Annual General Meeting of Indian Banks' Association at Mumbai, Sitharaman said there was an urgent need to scale up banking to meet the growing needs of the industry and also to ensure that all economic centres of the country are covered with at least one physical or digital banking presence. "We need to scale up banking. The need is for at least four-five more SBI sized banks," she said, while reminding that the amalgamation exercise among public sector banks have helped in moving ahead with creation of large banks. 2) World Tourism Day https://www.firstpost.com/world/world-tourism-day-2021-history-theme-significance-and-all-you-need-to-know-10001681.html This year, the theme of World Tourism Day is “Tourism for Inclusive Growth,” focusing on growth and inclusive recovery. The UNWTO is focusing on the fact that there are people behind every tourism statistic and aims to acknowledge the same. The international body said that it aims to ensure that every part of the tourism sector has a say in how the sector will shape in the future. The UNWTO said it would make efforts to “celebrate tourism’s unique ability to ensure that nobody is left behind as the world begins to open up again and look to the future”. F Leisure Music & Sciences : Vathsala Jayaraman We have read so many articles about musicians, listened to so many concerts. We have enjoyed music to the core and call ourselves as rasikas of the first order. But most of us do not know or do not care to know the science behind music. Even some of the performers may not know. What is the science of music? (Continued at H1) Collage Bonus : Mangalavadyam Music https://youtu.be/509NqwF7I30 Nadaswaram and Thavil G Quotes about intellectual arrogance https://quotlr.com/quotes-about-intellectual-arrogance Like : "If, in any individual, university training produces a taste for refined idleness, a distaste for sustained effort, a barren intellectual arrogance, or a sense of superfluous aloofness from the world of real men who do the world's real work, then it has harmed that individual." — Theodore Roosevelt (Theodore Roosevelt Jr., often referred to as Teddy or his initials T. R., was an American statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer, who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.) H 1) Continued from F Music is generally thought to be an art rather than a science but what is the science behind the production of music? Firstly, how is sound produced? For sound to occur you need a vibrating source and a medium, and to detect it, you need a receiver. There are many natural vibrating sources - vocal cords, stretched strings, reeds - but to create vibration there must be a certain amount of surface tension in the vibrating body. To reach the receiver, the vibrations need a medium of transmission such as air or water. Vibrations from the sound source disturb molecules in the medium. The molecules move at the same rate as the sound source. As the vibration travels through the medium each molecule hits another and returns to its original position. Regions of the medium become alternately more dense and less dense. The variation in pressure in the medium is sensed by a receiver such as the human ear or recording device and is called a sound wave. A particular musical note is determined by the number of times that the musical instrument vibrates per second resulting in a sound wave. The number of times that a sound wave vibrates in a second is called its frequency. Scientists measure the frequency of sounds in cycles per second and express the measurement in Hertz. The human ear can detect a range of frequencies. There are frequencies that are too low to detect but can be heard by other creatures, such as whales, and there are frequencies that are too high for us to hear, such as those produced by bats when trying to avoid other objects. So we know how higher and lower notes are produced - but how are louder and softer notes made? Put simply, louder notes are made by bigger vibrations and softer notes are made by smaller vibrations, although the number per second, or frequency, of vibrations may remain the same. The loudness of a musical note does not necessarily change its frequency. If producing a note is so simple, why do the sounds made by each instrument in an orchestra or band sound so different? The pitch is the degree of highness or lowness of a musical note. The pitch depends on how rapid the vibrations are i.e. how high the frequency is. A higher pitch has a higher frequency. The diverse sounds made by the instruments in each section of an orchestra are due to harmonics. These are higher and quieter sounds that are mixed in with the main note. They are not heard separately but add to the tone of the sound. How are musical notes measured? Musical notes are conventionally measured on a scale from A - G with middle C usually being used as a reference note. The scale is repeated over all 88 keys on a piano, all 6 strings of a guitar, etc. The distance from one 'C' to the next 'C' is called an octave and in each octave the higher C has a frequency that is twice the frequency of the lower C. This shows that there is a scientific formula behind what we naturally find pleasing to our ears. .Three types of instrument Stringed instruments The pitch of a stringed instrument depends on the tension and the length of the string. In most stringed instruments the pitch gets higher when the player moves their hand closer to the bottom of the string making the vibrating area shorter. However, Mike's double bass depended on changing the tension of the string to obtain each note. In many stringed instruments, the strings themselves only produce a small fraction of the sound that is heard. The rest is due to resonance from the body of the instrument vibrating in sympathy with the strings. Mike's double base had a huge box and a long string which gave it a very low pitch. Wind instruments These instruments work by using vibrating columns of air that amplify an initial sound. In all wind instruments, the length of the column of air determines the general pitch of the instrument. That is why bamboo tubes are cut to different lengths to produce various notes. In order for a column of air to vibrate, something must start it going. The small sound produced by blowing over the top of each panpipe tube is greatly amplified within the tube, in much the same way as the body of a stringed instrument amplifies the sound from the string. Percussion instruments The sound of a percussion instrument comes from striking two things together. They can be the simplest type of instrument because usually very few parts are needed to produce an amplified sound. Our scientists made some drums from old barrels. When struck, the skin of the drum vibrated and was then amplified by the barrel to give out a sound. We've seen that musical notes can be explained using science. We can even predict how to make notes using scientific equations but this doesn't help scientists to become better musicians! In the same way when we go too much deep into science of music, we may not be able to enjoy music. Vathsala Jayaraman 2) Continued from C2 At one point the tiny creature came across a crack in the floor. It paused for a little while, analyzed and then laid the huge leaf over the crack, walked over the leaf, picked the leaf on the other side then continued its journey. The man was captivated by the cleverness of the ant, one of God’s tiniest creatures. The incident left the man in awe and forced him to contemplate over the miracle of Creation. It showed the Greatness of the Creator. In front of his eyes there was this tiny creature of God, lacking in size yet equipped with a brain to analyze, contemplate, reason, explore, discover and overcome. A while later the man saw that the creature had reached its destination – a tiny hole in the floor which was entrance to its underground dwelling. And it was at this point that the ant’s shortcoming that it shared with the man was revealed. How could the ant carry into the tiny hole the large leaf that it had managed to carefully bring to the destination? It simply couldn't! So the tiny creature, after all the painstaking and hard work and exercising great skills, overcoming all the difficulties along the way, just left behind the large leaf and went home empty-handed. The ant had not thought about the end before it began its challenging journey and in the end the large leaf was nothing more than a burden to it. The creature had no option, but to leave it behind to reach its destination. The man learned a great lesson that day. That is the truth about our lives too. We worry about our family, we worry about our job, we worry about how to earn more money, we worry about where we should live, what kind of vehicle to buy, what kind of dresses to wear, what gadgets to upgrade......only to abandon all these things when we reach our destination – The Grave. We don’t realize in our life’s journey that these are just burdens that we are carrying with utmost care and fear of losing them, only to find that at the end they are useless and we can’t take them with us..... What a beautiful teaching by an ant ! Vathsala Jayaraman 3) Unfinished work https://madrascourier.com/books-and-films/unfinished-literary-masterpieces-that-never-saw-closure/ Excerpts : Among Indian English poetry’s more tragic figures is Toru Dutt (1856 – 77). She left behind some fine poems–‘Our Casuarina Tree’ and ‘Sonnet’ are popular school and college textbook choices; she also completed a novel in French. What has intrigued many literary researchers, however, is her unfinished English novel, Bianca or The Young Spanish Maiden. More than the contents of the novel itself, it is perhaps what its publication then might have spurred that has had researchers speculating. With its non-Indian protagonist seen through Dutt’s Europeanised eyes, it may have resulted in the Indian-English novel coming into its own earlier than it actually did–the mid-1930s with the publication of the first works of R K Narayan, Mulk Raj Anand and Raja Rao. And it would have been a cosmopolitan novel at that—something that Indian-English writing did not produce until the 1980s. But that was not to be. Left unfinished and not published until much later, it remains merely a signpost. Something about unfinished works intrigues readers. One wonders about the routes the plot may have taken and what the publication of the work may have spurred in terms of inspiring others. Something akin to the ‘What If’ scenarios that historians speculate on or the ‘alternative histories’ that novelists (and screenwriters) in the last few decades have taken to imagining. Unfinished Mysteries In the case of Charles Dickens the fact that his last work–The Mystery of Edwin Drood–was a mystery intrigues one even more. Edwin Drood has disappeared and the search is on to find him. Is he dead? Has he gone into hiding? Has he been murdered? Who has done it? Why? We will never know since Dickens had only completed about half the novel when he collapsed and died in 1870. Yet another unfinished novel with mystery in its title is The Mysterious Stranger by Mark Twain who wrote three versions of the story with a character called ‘Satan’ or ‘No. 44’ in it. Twain appears to have stopped working at it in 1908, and his death in 1910 ensured that the work would remain unfinished. The fact that Satan was a character does suggest that the book may have been a Dr. Faustus in the making. But we will never know since all we have are drafts which may well have been reworked if Twain had chosen to finish it. Unfinished poetical works The Canterbury Tales (mostly in verse, though some of it is in prose) is a collection of 24 stories told by pilgrims on their way to Canterbury to the shrine of St. Thomas Becket. Originally envisaged by Geoffrey Chaucer as a collection of 4 stories each by 27 pilgrims, it was never finished. But even in its unfinished state, it remains a classic. A rare case of a book appearing complete despite it actually not being so. Christopher Marlowe, Shakespeare’s contemporary, left behind Hero and Leander when he was killed in a duel in 1593. The work tells the story of two lovers who live on opposite sides of a strait; the character Leander swims every night to meet his lover. In this detail about lovers on either side of a water body, it echoes Sohni-Mahiwal, the famous Punjabi folktale about star-crossed lovers. (Inconclusive)

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