Warrier's Collage on Saturday October 29, 2022

Welcome To Warrier's COLLAGE On Saturday October 29, 2022 Modern day Tarzan https://youtu.be/ijvWK_7Ac-E (Link Courtesy : Surej Kottakkal) Good Morning 🌅 We attended the engagement ceremony of Aditya Menon(Mumbai) and Uthara, daughter of Sharat & Asha on Sunday October 23, 2022 at Lemeridian in Kochi. Best Wishes to Aditya & Uthara. A couple of video links shared by Sharat Nashik : https://fb.watch/gqoEbWwKlN/ https://youtu.be/j2NLCd_U81M (Earlier on October 18, we reached Kozhikode from Mumbai and visited my elder sisters and other relatives and friends in Kozhikode, Kannur Malappuram, Thrissur and Ernakulam Districts. Travelled back to Mumbai on October 24, 2022-Warrier) Many readers are asking Collage to reach them daily. Thanks 🙏 for the encouraging words. I appreciate and accept the affection. Nice Day M G Warrier A Current Affairs RBI Deputy Governor's speech https://m.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_SpeechesView.aspx?Id=1331 Internationalisation of the Rupee : Is it time to shift gears? (Keynote address delivered by Shri T Rabi Sankar, Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of India - October 20, 2022 - Annual Day event of the Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India (FEDAI) at Mumbai) Random Excerpts : "As increased use of Rupee in cross-border transactions requires a unified global market in Rupee both in interest rates and currencies. Such unification would not only improve depth and liquidity of our markets, but they would also facilitate uniform pricing across borders. Accordingly, Reserve Bank has also been putting in place enabling conditions by way of linking the domestic Rupee interest rates and currency markets with offshore Rupee markets by enabling domestic banks to operate in the offshore markets. Concomitantly, Primary Dealers (PDs) have been allowed market making in forex markets to improve market liquidity. Further steps in this direction are enhancing transparency of global Rupee markets through a comprehensive Reporting framework. A desirable outcome would be if market-makers like banks and PDs centralize their global Rupee book in India. Among other benefits, this would improve risk management for Indian and global firms alike and enhance the global role for India’s financial sector." B Collage Essay : Vathsala Jayaraman Dharma, various quotes & definitions There is no appropriate equivalent word for Dharma in the English language. The word ‘religion’ is derived from the word ‘relegate'. To ‘relegate’ means sending to a lower level. As per this meaning, religion would mean the one which sends us to a lower level; hence, this word itself is inappropriate. On the contrary, Dharma is one which elevates us to a higher plane. Continued at H C Faith/Spirituality : Dr Charan Singh [10/25, 11:29 AM] CharanIIMB: Unity in Diversity - 415 मनहठि तरफ न जिपई जे बहुता घाले तरफ जिणै सत भाउ दे जन नानक सबदु वीचारे Obstinacy, stubborn behavior does not win the Lord's love Then who wins Gods love? Who offers sincerity, true love to God & contemplates on Shabad (Gods word) Guru Angad, 787, SGGS https://twitter.com/CharanSingh60/status/1584558249042247680?s=20&t=104Dtb1_hJJPmyoLJuktMQ [10/26, 8:56 AM] CharanIIMB: https://twitter.com/CharanSingh60/status/1584997110537412608?s=20&t=u7gjKSvk6L-ISN_Kt9wB_A Unity in Diversity - 416 हउ हउ करती जगु फिरी ना धनु स्मपै नालि अंधी नामु न चेतई सभ बाधी जमकालि सतगुरि मिलिऐ धनु पाइआ हरि नामा रिदै समालि Greedy, with ego, wealth does not go along Blinded, no meditation, detained by Yama Meeting Guru, wealth obtained in Naam Guru Amardas, 32 [10/27, 9:12 AM] CharanIIMB: https://twitter.com/CharanSingh60/status/1585357560332156928?s=20&t=IdcAP-I8yIv-G2b76ez6IA Unity in Diversity - 417 माता प्रीति करे पुतु खाइ मीने प्रीति भई जलि नाइ सतिगुर प्रीति गुरसिख मुखि पाइ Mother loves her son eating Fish loves bathing in water True Guru loves putting (teaching) divine virtues/Naam in mouth of disciple Guru Ramdas, Gauri Guareri, 164, SGGS D Collage Books A 2014 Book by Rishi Sunak https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/may/08/warning-minority-ethnic-voters-policy-exchange-tories Significantly, there are no European groups among the ethnic minorities it discusses, so from the outset we know that this is about race. It says that British politicians must stop lumping ethnic minorities together. But has this ever happened? In the colonial period, in the interest of divide and rule, British officials classified, stereotyped and objectified us in anthropological studies. In Britain, in the 1950s through to the early 1970s, we were categorised as Caribbeans and Asians. Later, in the face of political unity across these groups, state funding was provided to help emphasise smaller cultural and linguistic identities, for example Gujaratis, Punjabis, Bengalis and Jamaicans. By the 1990s we had been classified again, in terms of religion. E Blogs & Links Rishi Sunak : Man of the Week https://madrascourier.com/opinion/rishi-sunak-faces-a-very-different-economy/ F Leisure Wife's call* Good Night Jokes Time! Wife is Like That!! Just this morning, wife called. She was crying. She said sorry to me. While crying she also said she will never fight with me. She will always listen to me. She will do whatever I tell her to do. I was overwhelmed listening to all this. Don't know whose wife she was ! It was a wrong number, but the feeling was great...!! *Shared by S Venugopal Chennai G Quotes on British Constitution https://www.azquotes.com/quotes/topics/british-constitution.html Like : If Aristotle, Livy, and Harrington knew what a republic was, the British constitution is much more like a republic than an empire. They define a republic to be a government of laws, and not of men. If this definition is just, the British constitution is nothing more or less than a republic, in which the king is first magistrate. This office being hereditary, and being possessed of such ample and splendid prerogatives, is no objection to the government's being a republic, as long as it is bound by fixed laws, which the people have a voice in making, and a right to defend. John Adams H Continued from A The word ‘Dharma’ is used with different meanings in different Holy texts. In order to understand the scope of the word, some of its important origins, definitions and meanings are given here. Till we attain the state of Turyavastha, we will not understand the true meaning of Dharma. Turyavastha is the fourth state beyond the three states of wakefulness, deep sleep and dream, that is, the state of meditation. B. In the context of society ‘धृ धारयति’ means to bear, or to support. The word ‘Dharma’ (धर्म) has been derived from the root ‘dhru (धृ)’. ‘धरति लोकान् ध्रियते पुण्यात्मभिः इति वा धर्मः ।', meaning, Dharma is that which sustains the people or that which is adopted by meritorious souls. धारणाद्धर्ममित्याहुः धर्मो धारयति प्रजाः । – Mahabharat Meaning : Dharma is that which nurtures the subjects and, in turn, the society. Karnaparva, Adhyaya 49, Shloka 50 धारणाद्धर्म इत्याहुः धर्मेण विधृताः प्रजाः । यस्माद्धारयते सर्वं त्रैलोक्यं सचराचरम् ।। Meaning : Due to its quality of ‘dharan’ (To nurture), it acquired the term ‘Dharma’. Subjects are nurtured through Dharma. As a result, the entire universe containing the three regions is supported by Dharma. धारणाद्विद्विषां चैव धर्मेणारञ्जयन्प्रजाः । तस्माद्धारणमित्युक्तं स धर्म इति निश्चयः ।। Meaning : By controlling the enemy, meaning the adharma (Un-righteousness), and by adhering to the law, Dharma sustains its subjects. In this way, Dharma supports its subjects, meaning the society. C. In the context of an individual प्रभवार्थाय भूतानां धर्मप्रवचनं कृतम् । यः स्यात्प्रभवसंयुक्तः स धर्म इति निश्चयः ।। – Meaning : The sole aim with which Dharma is advocated is to bring about the evolution of individuals. A doctrine preaches, ‘that which is able to bring about evolution is Dharma. Mahabharat, Shantiparva, Adhyaya 109, Shloka 10 : When an individual performs Dharmacharan (Abiding by Dharma) during the course of his life, he evolves spiritually. He attains positive momentum even in life after death, meaning, he attains a place in superior regions such as Maharlok, Janalok and Tapolok. Dharma is a unique means of liberating man from the ignorance (illusion of Raja – Tama components) in which he is trapped due to the same ignorance (Sattva component in this case). In the Brahmangranth (A Holy text), the meaning of the word ‘Dharma’ is Ashramdharma as is understood from the quote ‘त्रयो धर्मस्कन्धाः …’ from the Upanishads. It also means the duties allotted to, or accepted by, an individual according to the Varnashram. D. In relation to both the society and the individual जगतः स्थितिकारणं प्राणिनां साक्षात् अभ्युदयनिःश्रेयसहेतुर्यः स धर्मः । – Adi Shankaracharya (In the preface to the commentary on Shrimadbhagwadgita) Meaning : Dharma is that which accomplishes the three tasks of exceptional administration of the entire world, bringing about the worldly progress of every living being and causing progress in the spiritual realm (attaining Moksha ) as well. E. Difference between Dharma and Adharma Dharma means agraha and adharma means duragraha. When does Dharma acquire the form of Adharma, Dharma done with a depraved mind is Adharma, and Adharma done for a noble cause is Dharma. Telling a lie for the sake of a cow and a monk is also Dharma. 2. Synonyms A. Sanatan Dharma Origin : ‘सना आतनोति इति सनातनः ।’ Sana means eternal and‘atanoti’ means attaining. Therefore, ‘Sanatan (Sana + Atanoti)’ means that which makes you attain the eternal. Meaning : ‘सनातनो नित्यनूतनः । ’ means that which is eternal, has no beginning and yet is always new, meaning, it never ages, is called Sanatan. Only that which repeatedly manifests in a new form will last, for example, one should expect a tree to die when no new shoots spring from it. In the Bhavarthadipika (Dnyaneshwari 1.71), Saint Dnyaneshwar has said that each time one contemplates (on the Shrimadbhagwadgita), the Principle of the Holy Shrimadbhagwadgita appears to be new. (In other words, each time, one understands a different meaning.) ‘Sa’ in the word ‘Sanatan’ is the seed of the Sun Principle which symbolises the Absolute Fire Principle. ‘San’ (सन्) from the word ‘Sanatan’ means the present and ‘atan’ (अतन) means that which has no body, meaning that which is beyond the realm of time. This itself is termed as ‘Brahman’. B. Vedadharma or Vedic Dharma ‘Vid’ in Sanskrut means to understand. The word ‘Ved’ is derived from the verb ‘vid’. Ved means knowledge, the subject matter of knowledge or the means to acquire it. Knowledge, in this context, refers to the knowledge of the soul, the realisation of God or spiritual experiences. 3 Creation of Dharma God created the universe in times immemorial. At the same time He created Dharma. चात्रो धर्मो ह्यादिदेवात्प्रवृत्तः पश्चादन्ये शेषभूताश्च धर्माः । – Mahabharat, Shantiparva, Adhyaya 64, Shloka 20 Meaning : The original Dharma was created from Supreme God. All other sects were created later. 4 Dharma and Dharmi A. Sweetness is the quality of sugar. That which possesses the quality of sweetness is the Dharma and its Dharmi are inseparable. They are merged into one another. The relationship between God and Dharma is akin to that between sugar and its sweetness, which are inseparable. God is the Dharmi. His quality is Dharma. A quote says ‘धर्मो नारायण स्मृतः ।’, meaning Dharma is Narayan (God). Dharma of God cannot have different identities; hence, there is only one Dharma and that is the Sanatan Dharma. For this reason, history of Dharma is effectively the history of the search for God. B. Dharma is deduced from the Scriptures; but God and Brahman are those who illuminate the Scriptures. 5 Importance A. Just as there is no life without respiration, so also life without Dharma is not a worthy life, as it amounts to an existence like animals. B. Dharma is not for developing intelligence; it is for developing character. C. आगमानां हि सर्वेषाम् आचारः श्रेष्ठ उच्यते । आचारप्रभवो धर्मो धर्मादायुर्विवर्धते ।। – Mahabharat, Anushasanparva, Adhyaya 107, Shloka 147 Meaning : When compared with all knowledge, good conduct is considered to be superior; because Dharma is based on achars (Conduct). When man abides by achardharma, his life is prolonged. D. धर्मादर्थः प्रभवति धर्मात्प्रभवते सुखम् । धर्मेण लभते सर्वं धर्मसारमिदं जगत् ।। – Valmikiramayan, Aranyakanda, Sarga 8, Shloka 26 Meaning : Dharma bestows wealth as well as happiness. In fact, everything can be acquired through Dharma. This entire universe sustains itself on the foundation of Dharma. E. ऊर्ध्वबाहुर्विरौम्येष न च कश्चिच्छृणोति मे । धर्मादर्थश्च कामश्च स किमर्थं न सेव्यते ।। – Mahabharat, Swargarohanparva, Adhyaya 5, Shloka 46 Meaning : (Sage Vyas says) With my arms raised, I am lamenting, yet no one listens to me. (O human beings) Dharma accomplishes both, earning of wealth and fulfilling of desires. Then, why do you not abide by Dharma ? F. सुखार्थाः सर्वभूतानां मताः सर्वाः प्रवृत्तयः । सुखं च न विना धर्मात् तस्माद्धर्मपरो भवेत् ।। – Vagbhat (Ashtangarhudaya, Sutrasthan, Adhyaya 2, Shloka 19) Meaning : All the actions of living beings are for attaining happiness. (Even the motive in unrighteous conduct is attaining happiness). However, there is no happiness without Dharma; hence, abide by Dharma always. G. धर्म एव हतो हन्ति धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः । – Mahabharat, Vanaparva, Adhyaya 314, Shloka 128 Meaning : Those who do not follow Dharma are destroyed, and those following it meticulously are protected by Dharma (that is, God). H. स्वल्पमप्यस्य धर्मस्य त्रायते महतो भयात् । – Shrimadbhagwadgita Adhyaya 2, Shloka 40 Meaning : Even if Dharma is followed to a small extent, it protects from larger danger. I. धर्मेणैव जगत्सुरक्षितमिदं धर्मो धराधारकः । धर्माद्वस्तु न किञ्चिदस्ति भुवने धर्माय तस्मै नमः ।। Meaning : The world remains safe if everyone abides by Dharma; that is why Dharma is said to be the main supporter of earth. There is nothing more ethical than Dharma in this world. Hence, I pay obeisance to that Dharma. J. धर्म एको मनुष्याणां सहायः पारलौकिकः । – Mahabharat, Anushasanparva, Adhyaya 111, Shloka 17 Meaning : Dharma alone is the companion of man in other worlds, that is, in life after death. K. यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः । – Mahabharat, Udyogparva, Adhyaya 39, Shloka 7 Meaning : Wherever there is Dharma, there is victory. L. Due to not following Hindu Dharma, calamities like cyclones, earthquakes, excessive rainfall, droughts, internal conflicts, attacks by foreign countries have become common everywhere. M. If everyone complies with the teachings of Dharma, nature will become favourable to human happiness. Saint Dnyaneshwar has said precisely the same thing in one of His works, that one gets results as per one’s desires and that is applicable not merely to human beings, but to the entire animal kingdom and immovable nature; for, depending on our karma, we can even get the birth of an unmoving living being. Only when human beings progress will the moving and unmoving components of nature become happy, and should they fail to progress, then they will have to face the demerit of making this all – encompassing environment unhappy. Vathsala Jayaraman

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