Should loan waivers to farmers be banned?: Yerram Raju at moneylife.in
Should loan waivers to farmers be banned?: Article at moneylife.in by
Dr Yerram Raju
Online comments posted on April 10, 2017:
An excellent analysis. Without going seriatim, I copy below my response to Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Urjit Patel’s expression of displeasure last week, over the current spate of farm loan waivers, who said that these (waivers) adversely affect the culture of repayments as well as put a severe burden on the exchequer.
“I think it undermines an honest credit culture. It impacts credit discipline. It impacts incentives for future borrowers to repay. In other words, waivers engender a moral hazard,” he said, after announcing the first bi-monthly monetary policy for 2017-18.
The RBI governor added, “We need to create a consensus that such loan waiver policies are eschewed. Otherwise, sub-sovereign fiscal challenges in this context could otherwise affect national balance sheets.”
This refers to Abhijit Lele’s brief report “Urjit Patel slams loan waivers” (Business Standard, April 7). RBI Governor’s observation “I think it undermines an honest credit culture. It impacts incentives for future borrowers to repay. In other words, waivers engender a moral hazard…” echoes the gist of RBI’s consistent stand on loan waivers which was articulated on several occasions in the past including at the time of the introduction of Agricultural and Rural Debt relief Scheme (ARDRS), 1990. Centre and state governments, on most of the occasions, went ahead with their political agenda of such waivers which are partly responsible for spread of the malignancy of financial indiscipline to other sectors.
This time around, RBI has given the message loud and clear and the reference to ‘national balance-sheets’ should wake up the policy makers and opinion makers to the reality of the situation. When taxpayers money is diverted to purposes other than those for which taxes are collected and budgeted, governments will have to borrow to meet the extra burden which will create imbalances in fiscal management. Many popular schemes like ‘freebies’, tax concessions to corporates, and refusal to bring certain sectors like agriculture within tax net are already making the budget exercises at Centre and states level slip out of the accepted contours of financial discipline.
While RBI advice to move towards a consensus to eschew politically motivated agricultural loan waivers is timely and welcome and needs to be taken seriously, simultaneous efforts are necessary to provide relief to genuine borrowers. Such supports would include providing crop insurance, ensuring all linkages for getting timely inputs at reasonable costs, irrigation facilities, cost-related farm gate price, storage and transport facilities for perishable farm products and so on at reasonable costs.
M G Warrier, Mumbai