Warrier's Collage on Monday August 8, 2022 : Keep Going

Welcome To Warrier's COLLAGE On Monday August 8, 2022 उपोद्घातम्(Upodghatham) A Motivation Speech : Keep Going https://youtu.be/p3xACDsOoc8 Followed by soothing music : https://youtu.be/YmxVZMaiPoA (Link Courtesy : S W Fadnawis) Good Morning 🌅 A reader asked : "What's the relevance of"Inquilab Zindabad " in Collage at this age? I owe an answer, because the reader was with me on June 10, 1971. First, Collage and the slogan have nothing to do with my age. Second, the day's Collage opened with "I have a dream...". I believe, for few more generations the speech will remain relevant. And therefore the slogan. I know the reader's purpose was to open a debate. For Collage, this much for now. But the debate is open. See B : T R Suresh shared an article. Nice Day M G Warrier https://epaper.business-standard.com/bs_new/index.php?rt=main/mainpage#11 A Messages/Responses 1) E Madhavan Thrissur Shared a message Dear All, Digital Survey for National Curriculum (DiSaNC): Based on the recommendation of NEP-2020, the process for formulation of National Curriculum Framework (NCF) is being undertaken, adopting a paperless and bottom-up approach. The Ministry of Education, Government of India and NCERT invite all the stakeholders - parents, teachers, educators, students, community etc. to join this massive and intensive public consultation process and contribute towards formulation of National Curriculum Frameworks (NCFs). Please share your valuable suggestions by filling up the survey, because every input counts. The DiSaNC is just a click away: http://vsms.sms.gov.in/OgchoN4mIHt This survey is available in 23 languages. It is also requested to share the survey link with all your e-groups, schools, teachers, parents and friends for wider circulation and participation. Regards Aanchal Katiyar, Information Officer PIB- Ministry of Education (Do share this with any stakeholder you may know who will be in a position to study and respond -Collage) 2) S R Badrinarayanan Vathsala Jayaraman's Column : Space Delight : Moon ...We had Astronomy as a subject in B Sc (Maths) and of the six subjects viz Algebra, Calculus, Trigonometry, Analytical Geometry, Mechanics & Astronomy was one. It was interesting as we, as students, could experience many astronomical facts in the day to day life. In the chapter on the Moon, it was explained how the Moon exibit the same face to earth for which the 'moon is a moon'. { sure question in the university exam}! This is due the phase of the moon being almost equal to the phase of the Earth. For any celestial object that comes around another planet is called a moon. Madam's take on the Moon took me back by half a century. Interestingly, one of the interviewer in my RBI interview asked me which branch I liked most and I replied 'Calculus'. He further wanted me to explain about Calculus. I shared what little I knew! May be they were satisfied, I was selected and left a Central Govt job like M G Warrier. Though both of us, I think, did not have enough foresight of quitting a pensionable job then, the invisible hands helped to bring in the scheme in RBI too. hopefully, the invisible hands would ensure updations too. ... Badri. (Me too. Did B Sc Maths with Astronomy & Statistics as Subsidiary during 1960-63*. In my first job interview PF Commissioner C N Menoky asked questions about the optional subjects for Degree only. I was selected 🙏-Warrier) *A related link : https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/readersblog/warriersviews/government-college-madappalli-25076/ 3) Dr Charan Singh https://twitter.com/CharanSingh60/status/1556011380381085696?s=20&t=PAnHfbZxBHfTlw-K7hp65w Unity in Diversity - 336 अबिगत अगोचरु अपरपरु मनि गुर सबदु वसाइअउ God is formless, cannot be fathomed by senses and is infinite. But can be perceived if Guru's teachings are followed and abide in mind Bard Kal Sahar, 1397, SGGS 4) G Mohan Vathsala Madam's article on Moon was very good and illustrative. G Mohan 5) A Chandramouliswaran Suggested a link : https://choprafoundation.org/ Integrative Health aims to treat the whole person and to do so within the context of whole systems and practices. We raise questions as to what constitutes the whole person and what must be taken into account to support the creation of optimal well-being. We propose that in order to fully account for the whole person, the transcendent aspects of human awareness, the development of which is the goal of many meditative traditions.... 6) K Balasubramanian Coimbatore Shared a link : https://youtu.be/0dlV4EWMohc ISRO Rocket launch on August 7, 2022 7) Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav : Quiz Competition in Mumbai RBI A Quiz Competition is being held in RBI, Mumbai Regional Office as part of Amrit Mahotsav of Independence. Welcome initiative by RBI. P P Ramachandran Mumbai will be the Quiz Master. Congratulations and Best Wishes to him 🙏-Warrier 8) Vishnu Kelkar Collage of August 7, 2022 : Thanks for sharing a link 'Question and Answer with S Jayashankar'. While answering a question by Gayatri, based in Zambia on international relations with Africa, the External Affairs Minister elaborated on GOI's plans to extend diplomatic reach to 47 out of 54 countries. He said Indians are reticent about achievements. Good to know about the developments. VNKelkar B Monday Essay : Prof Richard Wiseman Shared by T R Suresh Bangalore Why some people have all the Luck ? By Professor Richard Wiseman, University of Hertfordshire. Why do some people get all the luck while others never get the breaks they deserve? A psychologist says he has discovered the answer. Ten years ago, I set out to examine luck. I wanted to know why some people are always in the right place at the right time, while others consistently experience ill fortune. I placed advertisements in national newspapers asking for people who felt consistently lucky or unlucky to contact me. Hundreds of extraordinary men & women volunteered for my research & over the years, I have interviewed them, monitored their lives & had them take part in experiments. I carried out a simple experiment to discover whether this was due to differences in their ability to spot such opportunities. I gave both lucky and unlucky people a newspaper, and asked them to look through it & tell me how many photographs were inside. I had secretly placed a large message halfway through the newspaper saying : "Tell the experimenter you have seen this and win $50." This message took up half of the page & was written in type that was more than two inches high. It was staring everyone straight in the face, but the unlucky people tended to miss it & the lucky people tended to spot it. Unlucky people are generally more tense than lucky people, and this anxiety disrupts their ability to notice the unexpected. As a result, they miss opportunities because they are too focused on looking for something else. They go to parties'; intent on finding their perfect partner & so miss opportunities to make good friends. They look through newspapers determined to find certain types of job advertisements & miss other types of jobs. Lucky people are more relaxed & open, and therefore see what is there rather than just what they are looking for. My research eventually revealed that lucky people generate good fortune via four principles. They are skilled at creating & noticing chance opportunities, make lucky decisions by listening to their intuition, create self-fulfilling prophesies via positive expectations, and adopt a resilient attitude that transforms bad luck into good. Here are Professor Wiseman's four top tips for becoming lucky: 1) Listen to your gut instincts - they are normally right 2) Be open to new experiences and breaking Ur normal routine 3) Spend a few moments each day remembering things that went well 4) Visualize Urself being lucky before an important meeting or telephone call. Have a Lucky day and work for it... "The happiest people in the world are not those who have no problems, but those who learn to live with things that are less than perfect." " There is a great difference between "worry" & "concern", A worried person only sees the problem & a concerned person solves the problem..! May luck be your side! C Current Affairs Media Response: M G Warrier August 7, 2022 Follow Team Mahabalipuram This refers to the report "Dosa...Vada... Olympiad has food for stomach, not just thought" (August 7). Kudos to Team Mahabalipuram which has placed the game of chess and Mahabalipuram on the world tourism map, this time for new reasons. Right from the initial moves like painting a heritage bridge to resemble the heritage game board, to ensuring a mix of traditional culinary skills with modern marketing techniques to meet the expectations of guests from several geographies with as many tastes, everything went well. The brains behind selection and training of hundreds of volunteers deserve special praise. This success proves that the remotest village in India can rise to the occasion, given the right opportunity and encouragement. There's a lot to learn from Team Mahabalipuram, guided by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister, for all stakeholders of Indian Tourism and Sports Industry. M G Warrier Mumbai D Vathsala Jayaraman's Column Space : Mother Earth : She's Just Right! Hello everyone! For each of us our mom is the most special in the world isn't she? So is our mother Earth! She is very special, beautiful, and oh so unique! From outer space we can see how beautiful she is. Blue with some brown and white, a jewel, the“blue marble". Continued at H1 E About Books : The Hindu Open Page https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/open-page/books-of-our-life/article65716927.ece When you flip the pages of a book reading every single line, you can dream of a world of fantasy if you want to live in fantasy. Or you can just take a humorous book and laugh at the jokes. Or you can just hold on to a self-help book, and motivate yourself. If you want to escape from the room and people around you, you can, but not unless you have a book. Books can do everything. They can help you relax or make you a detective or make you comfortable or make you intelligent and smart. Books actually grow up with us. In childhood, we used to read children’s stories. When we were teenagers, we read novels, and as time grew, our love for books also grew. When we were children, we used to say books without pictures are extremely boring, but not now. Books have stories behind the pages which sometimes can drag our hearts and minds into it. We find ourselves in the story. They can be our friends, our motivators and whoever we want. F Leisure Experts & Analysts* After a morning walk, a group of doctors was standing at a road-side restaurant enjoying a cup of tea. Then they saw a man limping towards them. • One doctor said he has Arthritis in his Left Knee. • The second said he has Plantar Faciitis • The third said, just an Ankle Sprain. • The fourth said, see that man cannot lift his knee, he looks to have Lower Motor Neurons. • But to me he seems a Hemiplegia Scissors Gait, said the fifth. ° Before the sixth could proclaim his diagnosis... the man reached the group and asked, "Is there a cobbler nearby who can repair my slipper?" This is exactly how the Experts talk on Social Media *Shared by S Venugopal Chennai G Quotes on poverty https://www.compassion.com/poverty/famous-quotes-about-poverty.htm Extreme poverty anywhere is a threat to human security everywhere.” — Kofi Annan, Seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations H 1) Continued from D Our Earth, the third planet from the Sun, is the largest of the four terrestrial planets – The other three are Mercury, Venus, and Mars. Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Uranus are gas planets. What is unique about Earth? You, and all the humans, animals, birds, flowers, and trees … LIFE is what is unique about Earth. Earth is the only planet as of today to support life. Life ranging from the tiny single-celled organism to highly developed intelligent humans to this day can call only the Earth, “Home". While it is possible that there may be other earths just like ours, teeming with life, none has been confirmed yet. For now, Earth is the only one. About 8.7 million known species of life- plants and animals- abound Earth. Life is found in every nook and corner, from the highest mountains, through the arid deserts, to the deepest oceans. What makes our Earth so unique? First, she picked the right spot in the Solar system. A wide area that is just slightly away from Venus' orbit and just slightly inside Mars’ orbit known as the Goldilocks zone - the zone that is“just right" for water to be in liquid state in order to support life. But then our Earth herself is known as the Goldilocks Planet for a few other reasons. Tilt - She knows that the Sun is very essential for her children and pays a slight homage. She is tilted at 23.44°. Too much tilt and she may roll over, too little would have a different kind of weather that would not be beneficial to life. So the tilt is“just Right” Water – She has just the right amount of water. Not too much, Not too little – Just Right. Size Matters! - If the Earth had been too small she would not have been able to hold our atmosphere. If she had been too big she would today be a hot gas planet that could not support life. So our Earth is “just Right" in size too. These aside, here are some other reasons life was able to evolve the way it did and sustain: The Moon: We all know how moon contributed and still contributes to our presence. Earthquakes (Plate tectonics): The Earth's crust is broken as large “plates”which move against each other. Scientists believe that this movement of the Earth's crust helps regulate the carbon in the atmosphere and keeps the surface temperature that water maintains its liquid state. Our Atmosphere. Our mother wears a shroud known as the atmosphere. This shroud is made up of Nitrogen (78%), Oxygen (21%), and other gases (1%). Earth's atmosphere is about 480 kilometers thick, but it is more concentrated for about 16 km above the surface. Air pressure decreases as we climb higher towards space and there is also less oxygen to breathe. Most of the weather and clouds are found closer to earth’s surface. Here are ways atmosphere protects us : The ozone layer absorbs and blocks some of the Sun's dangerous rays from reaching Earth. It traps heat, making Earth a comfortable temperature. And the oxygen within our atmosphere is essential for life. Atmosphere protests us from meteors. The friction generated when meteors hurtle towards Earth causes a majority of them to burn up even before hitting the surface of the earth. The craters created by the very few that have managed to impact us have been erased by the atmospheric winds. That is one reason we see very few craters on earth. The atmosphere is divided into five layers. It is thickest near the surface and thins out as we go up and merge with space. Magnetosphere Our Earth acts a huge magnet and is surrounded by a huge magnetic field known as the magnetosphere. The magnetic field begins deep down the earth’s core. The center of the Earth is made up of a solid iron core. Though this core is as hot as the sun’s surface the extremely high pressure of gravity prevents it from becoming a liquid. This solid iron core is surrounded by a 2,000 km thick outer core which is mixture of iron, nickel, and small quantities of other metals. Compared to the inner core this layer has less pressure and therefore in liquid form. Convection currents take place in this outer core due to constant moving of the liquid cooling and heating up. Adding to this is another force which is a result of the Earth’s spin known as the Coriolis force. The convection current and the Coriolis forces generate electric currents which in turn produce the magnetic fields. Charged metals that pass these magnetics fields in turn produce their own electric currents, which keep the cycle continuous. This self-sustaining loop is known as the geodynamo. The magnetic fields cause the Earth’s inner solid iron core to spin eastward and the liquid outer core to spin in the opposite direction. Jupiter and Saturn Jupiter and Saturn, the giant gas planets contribute a major role in the existence of life on Earth. Jupiter and Saturn helped to stabilize the solar system. They protect the the inner rocky planets by absorbing many of the big rocky objects that are headed towards the sun. Highest mountains If it weren’t for mountains, our planet might be an orbiting husk. New findings suggest that mountains, as they are being pushed up act as elevators in bringing up minerals from deep in the earth to surface. Rain, snow, and streams take these minerals downstream and deposit them in near the river valleys making them rich. The trees on mountains also help in stabilizing the atmosphere by absorbing excess CO2 Oceans and Rivers, Lakes and Streams. Three fourths of our Earth is covered by oceans and contain 97% of the planet’s water. The rest 3 % are rivers, lakes, and smaller bodies of water. Oceans produce and emit about half the oxygen into the atmosphere and absorb most of the carbon. Yes, water, water, everywhere and every drop is important. The color green. There is one other important ingredient that contributes to our life on earth. It is that green pigment called chlorophyll. While other colored pigments are no less important, the majority of plant life contain the green pigment chlorophyll. Chlorophyll helps in trapping sun’s energy and during the process called photosynthesis, makes the food necessary for the survival of animals. Photosynthesis not only produces food but also release oxygen into the atmosphere and traps the carbon dioxide to make the food. Earth’s biography - very short Approximately 4.6 billion years ago, the solar system began to form from a cloud of dust and gas known as a solar nebula. Earth's rocky core formed first, with heavy elements colliding and binding together. Dense material sank to the center, while the lighter material created the crust. The planet's magnetic field probably formed around this time. Gravity captured some of the gases that made up the planet's early atmosphere. Ocean formation Over vast periods of time, our primitive oceans formed. Water remained a gas until the Earth cooled below 212 degrees Fahrenheit. At this time, about 3.8 billion years ago, the water condensed into rain which filled the basins that are now our oceans. Most scientists agree that the atmosphere and the oceans accumulated gradually over millions and millions of years with the continual 'degassing' of the Earth's interior. According to this theory, the ocean formed from the escape of water vapor and other gases from the molten rocks of the Earth to the atmosphere surrounding the cooling planet. After the Earth's surface had cooled to a temperature below the boiling point of water, rain began to fall—and continued to fall for centuries. As the water drained into the great hollows in the Earth's surface, the primeval ocean came into existence. The forces of gravity prevented the water from leaving the planet. Continent formation The Earth was a very different place 4 billion years ago : The planet was much hotter — uninhabitable for even the hardiest forms of life — and the familiar landscapes we know today were completely absent. During this time, the so-called Archean Eon, the first continents were beginning to coagulate at the Earth's surface. How they got there has been one of the longest standing and most debated questions for geoscientists. Life formation Evidence suggests that life first evolved around 3.5 billion years ago. Our real, ancestors were microbes. These microbes were the result of cyanobacterial photosynthesis. From these microbes, evolved different species. Throughout the history of the earth, different species evolved and have become extinct too. Everyday new species of animals and plants are being discovered and many are awaiting discovery. Some interesting facts Our Earth is an oblate spheroid. Oblate refers to oblong and spheroid means almost a sphere, but not quite Before 500 BC people thought earth was flat. But scientists like Pythagoras and Aristotle helped us understand that Earth is spherical. It was Sir Isaac Newton showed us that Earth is not a perfect sphere but a spheroid (compressed a bit on the top and bottom) The average depth of the ocean is about 12,100 feet. The deepest part of the ocean is called the Challenger Deep and is located beneath the western Pacific Ocean in the southern end of the Mariana Trench, which runs several hundred kilometers southwest of the U.S. territorial island of Guam. Challenger Deep is approximately 36,200 feet deep. It is named after the HMS Challenger, whose crew first sounded the depths of the trench in 1875. Did you know that due to the motions of the Earth, the Sun, and the Milky Way Galaxy, you have moved nearly 60,000 km since you started reading this? And you thought you were sitting still. Vathsala Jayaraman

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