Warrier's Collage on Saturday August 13, 2022

Welcome To Warrier's COLLAGE On Saturday August 13, 2022 A Visit to Guruvayoor Temple https://youtu.be/kSU0tRkOvg0 Good Morning 🌄 Nice Day M G Warrier A Messages/Responses 1) K Ramasubramanian Ref : Media Response on August 11, 2022 Good suggestion. Nominated members who do not continuously for three meetings to be removed from Lok/Rajya Sabha and all their payments are to be recalled with penalty. Sachin, Rekha etc. Only example purpose only. As artists great respect for them. 2) S W Fadnawis I was moved by Shri R Jayakumar's post titled 'the long wait....'. The story is touching and meaningful. S W Fadnavis 3) S Venugopal Chennai Shared a memory : 🙏Madras Day Memories 🙏 The report of the ship wreck of Prathiba Cauvery in 2012 was very thrilling one. The container was SPOTTED at Elliots Beach and it was a sight for the viewers from 6 to 60+ years as an amusing one. In the 1966 I was one of those who happened to witness the Greek Ship Steamtis on the sands of Marina and CHeapuk area. While it is a scene spectacle for us, the sailors undergo a lot of unenviable experience and it happened to the Prathiba Cauvery too. We should be aware of this at least in future times when the Nilam like Cyclone attacks us. We should all join together and help th sailors who wet for us to guard our INDIA 75 years Independence! Long Live! https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/chen-arts/chen-history-and-culture/Before-Pratibha-came-Stematis/article12059024.ece/amp/ B Media Response : M G Warrier August 12, 2022 Subsidies and freebies This refers to the report "Health, education were never called freebies : FM"(August 12). When the time was opportune for a healthy debate on nation's resources management, wealth and distributive justice, vested interests are diverting the attention of leaders like Nirmala Sitaraman and Kejriwal who are genuinely interested in the welfare of the people and even the judiciary to interpretation of words like freebies and subsidies. This is to be expected, as there are business and political interests within the country and outside which are dependent for their "growth" on the perpetualisation of poverty and maintaining a high level of illiteracy in India. As the FM is trying to explain, post-independence, India has believed in a welfare state where the government will endeavour to ensure equality of opportunity and distributive justice. By whatever name one would like to call it, actualisation of Directive Principles enshrined in the Indian Constitution will involve cross-subsidisation across the rich and the poor. It's sad to find intellectually mature leaders playing with words for political advantage. M G Warrier Mumbai C Collage Cover Story : M G Warrier Other than RBI Retirees Groups, I'm sending Collage individually to many or most of my contacts via email and WhatsApp. I have not created any address list or Broadcast Group (WhatsApp) for sharing Collage. Collage is being posted at Facebook and my Blog. Why a monologue on this subject on a Saturday morning? Yesterday morning, I received the following message from my friend TKE Das : "Belated Happy Birthday. I am sorry that I am late. Asha lost her younger brother on Sunday." I responded : "Heartfelt Condolences and Prayers 🙏-Warrier Thanks for your blessings" While continuing my daily routines and till late in the night yesterday, my mind was lingering around the above interaction. Multiple thoughts... True, on August 9, the day being my real Birthday, I had made a mention about it under F Leisure in the day's Collage. Some friends noticed it and greeted me. Some of them contacted me personally also. That was not a significant event. Easwar Das and Asha Das were my colleagues in central RPCD at different times (I worked on 13th Floor of COB, RBI for 13 long years). Though we couldn't meet as often as we would have loved, we are still in touch. We all live in other people's memories. My knowing TKE Das was since 1975/76 when KNV Nayar, DS Nair and I decided to buy land and construct houses in Thiruvananthapuram with Bank's loan. Das who was KNV's friend was then in Housing Loan Section in Central Office. This saved a lot of time and helped in getting loan quicker. For me, owning a house was a dream coming true. Since childhood, till we started staying in our house on July 10, 1977, the feeling of not having a house was worrying me. When we celebrate 75th Independence Day, I acknowledge with gratitude the share of India's economic growth I and my family received. From zero family income in 1959, we have now as many residential units as there are members in the extended family. Plus a decent pension and healthcare from my employer. More later... D Into Space with Vathsala Jayaraman Space Delight : Saturn The jewel of our Solar System, Saturn is the sixth planet, located at a distance of 1.4 billion km from the Sun (9.5AU), and the second largest in the Solar system. The farthest planet that can be observed without the aid of a telescope, the planet is so far away it takes 1 hour and 19 seconds for sunlight to reach it. Saturn spins at a dizzying 10.7 hours per rotation, though a bit slower than Jupiter and takes 29 Earth years to complete one orbit around the Sun. Continued at H 1 E Collage Poetry Verse for today : Franklin Misquith Peace, Peace, Peace Let us seek His Peace, And give our soul to Him on Lease, He will keep us feeling at Ease, He is our one and only Golden Fleece. It is sad that wars are still being waged, Whereas in spreading His Gospel of Love we should be engaged, On the contrary with one another we are for reasons unknown enraged, By the evil one, the whole of humanity is encaged. Love first begins at one's home, And with Love in our hearts about the place we should roam, For this we need not in search fly to Rome, And remain engrossed in prayer under St Peter's dome. But only with Love and Prayer in our heart, We can get off to a right good start, Our tongue should become sweeter than a tart, Whereas it is turning more pointed and piercing than a dart. F Faith Dr Charan Singh https://twitter.com/CharanSingh60/status/1557824008149577728?s=20&t=6hYMS-zlp96eYuw1Fn8i4Q Unity in Diversity - 341 फरीदा अखी देखि पतीणीआं सुणि सुणि रीणे कंन साख पकंदी आईआ होर करेंदी वंन Eyes have become weak, Ears have become hard of hearing The harvest is ripened and changing colors (Body is getting older, hair turning grey) Baba Farid, 1378, SGGS G Quotes on Prayers https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/prayer-quotes Like : I do believe we're all connected. I do believe in positive energy. I do believe in the power of prayer. I do believe in putting good out into the world. And I believe in taking care of each other. Harvey Fierstein Harvey Forbes Fierstein is an American actor, playwright and screenwriter. He is best known for his theater work in Torch Song Trilogy and Hairspray and movie roles in Mrs Doubtfire, Independence Day and as the voice of Yao in Mulan and Mulan II. H 1) Continued from D With its axis tilted at 26.73 degrees, Saturn experiences seasons like we do on Earth, though each season lasts 7 years. Nine Earths side by side would almost span Saturn's diameter. That doesn't include Saturn's rings. STRUCTURE Saturn is made up of mostly hydrogen and helium. Scientists believe that center is a core of rock, and metal enveloped by liquid metallic hydrogen, which is enveloped again by liquid hydrogen. Did you know that Saturn is less dense than water? If there was a pool of water large enough to hold Saturn, the planet will float!! Saturn was spotted as early as 700BC. Galileo Galilei first observed the planet's rings but they looked like handles to him and so thought it was a triple planet system. In 1655, Christian Huygens discovered that the“handles” spotted by Galileo were actually a ring system and also discovers Saturn’s largest moon, Titan. SPACECRAFT CASSINI Pioneer 11 and Voyagers 1 and 2 conducted flybys decades earlier, taking pictures, measurements and observations as they zoomed past. These missions shed new light on Saturn’s complicated ring system, discovered new moons and made the first measurements of Saturn's magnetosphere. But these quick encounters didn't allow time for more extensive scientific research. The Titan IVB/Centaur rocket lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on October 15 1997 at 4:43 am carrying the Cassini orbiter and its attached probe Huygens. It took Cassini seven years to reach Saturn. Cassini orbited Saturn 294 times from 2004 to 2017. THE ROYAL CROWN When we mention “Saturn” the first image that comes to mind is its stunning massive ring system. However, there is another feature unique to Saturn. It is the spectacular jet stream at its North Pole called the“Hexagon". While the“Hexagon” was first discovered by the spacecraft Voyager, Cassini imaged it much thoroughly from up close and front. The spacecraft first studied the feature when it was in the shadow (northern winter). It detected heat coming from within the planet. When Cassini imaged the hexagon in spring it revealed a stunningly symmetric shape, 30K km across with winds about 300 km/hour On Earth, mountain ranges and other features of the planet's surface cause jet streams to bend and kink. On Saturn there are no such obstacles to hinder or redirect; hence the jet streams keeps flowing, orderly and hexagonal. Though scientists have created the hexagonal flow in labs, they still are not sure what drives the hexagon shape. Why not five or seven sided and why this feature is not found in the Southern Pole are questions remaining for future scientists to solve. NORTH POLAR STORMS Cassini also observed Saturn’s North Polar storm and these were some of the observations that it recorded : The storm's eye is 50 times wider than that of a hurricane on Earth. It is to be noted that what that these storms on Saturn's are polar vortexes and not “hurricanes” in the true sense, because they are not caused by warm ocean waters as on Earth. They are “hurricane-like". At first Cassini sensed lightning in the form of radio waves and later in 2009 captured images of Saturn lightning with its cameras. Cassini imaged lightning on Saturn’s night side and day side, both of which had never been done before SEVEN-YEAR SEASONS AND THE MEGA STORM Just the way we on Earth experience annual weather patterns, so does Saturn. The only difference is that one year on Saturn is 29 Earth years, every 28-30 Earth years a mega storm appears on Saturn. Cassini was fortunate that Saturn's storm arrived 10 Earth years earlier. The spacecraft could observe the storm which is also known as the“Great White Spot". The storm was so huge it wrapped all around Saturn and spanned 300,000 km. An interesting fact is that these“Great White Spots" are always located at Saturn's North Pole or at its equator. So far they have not been observed at Saturn's South Pole. Why, no one knows for sure yet. That's one another thing for future scientists to solve. Scientists who analyzed data from Cassini noted that this storm is made up water and other materials from as deep as 100 kilometers that rise up to the top. The vapor freezes as it reaches the top and gives off the white color. THE RING SYSTEM. We all know that the very mention of Saturn conjures images of a planet with its ring. Despite Saturn being twice as far from us as Jupiter is, the rings are so bright and so expansive that Galileo Galilei discovered the rings the same year he discovered Jupiter’s moons, in 1610. The Ring system is actually seven rings with several gaps and divisions between them. They are named by the alphabets in the order they were discovered. The system extends up to 282,000 kilometers from the planet, and an average thickness of 10 meters. The rings are relatively close to each other, with the exception of a gap measuring 2,920 miles (4,700 kilometers) wide called the Cassini Division that separates Rings A and B. The rings are made up of billions of small chunks of ice and rock coated with another material such as dust. The ring particles mostly range from tiny, dust-sized icy grains to as large as mountains. Each ring orbits at a different speed around the planet. Some of Saturn's moons steal ring particles, and other moons contribute particles to the rings. Propellors Cassini also discovered features that look like propellers, which are sometimes several thousand miles (kilometers) long. The propellers are produced by the gravitational influence of moonlets, lumps of ring material that are estimated to be half a mile (around 1 kilometer) in diameter, which is smaller than a moon but larger than individual ring particles. Cassini studied features in Saturn's rings called “spokes,”which can be longer than the diameter of Earth. Scientists think they're made of tiny icy particles that are lifted by an electrostatic charge and only last a few hours. Twice every 29 and a half years the great planet Saturn appears ring-less. This is an optical illusion : Earthlings cannot see Saturn's rings when the rings are edge-on as viewed from the Earth. They are barely visible through powerful telescopes. MOONS Saturn has 53 confirmed moons and nine provisional moons. Each moon is fascinating in its own right. While the larger moons are spherical, others are shaped like a sweet potato (Prometheus), a regular potato (Pandora), a meatball (Janus), and even a sponge (Hyperion). Some have a gnarled, irregular shape and texture like a dirty ice-ball (Epimetheus). One object observed in the rings (and unofficially called Peggy) may be a moon forming or disintegrating, or it might not truly be a moon at all. Titan Before 2004, we knew very little about Titan other than its size and that it had a dense, nitrogen-rich atmosphere. Rippling sand dunes, like those in Earth's Arabian Desert, can be seen in the dark equatorial regions of Titan. Data from Cassini-Huygens revealed Titan has lakes and seas of liquid methane and ethane, replenished by rain from hydrocarbon clouds. Encledaus Saturn’s moon Encledaus is the most scientifically interesting destination in the Solar System. This moon is small enough to fit within United Kingdom.the Cassini discovered that this small icy body is a very active moon that hides an ocean of liquid salty water beneath its crust. This salty water, along with other chemicals is continuously spewed out into the space from different parts of the moon in geyser-like jets. This material gushes at 400 meters per second and forms a plume that extends hundreds of miles into space. Some of the material falls back onto Enceladus, and some escapes to form Saturn's vast E ring. Cassini noted that the E-ring consisted not only of the icy particles but also some peculiar nano-grains that could only be generated at above 90 degree Celsius. This means that there is possibility of Earth like hydrothermal vents deep within the oceans of this moon. Scientists believe that its subsurface ocean has all the ingredients for life – liquid water, heat, and food (methane). Vathsala Jayaraman


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